An expert says that the government can improve human security by battling a problem infesting the nation's economy: corruption.
The idea of human security was gaining ground, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono said during his speech at the Jakarta International Defense Dialog.
He also said that the sources of conflicts around the world have multiplied were no longer limited to ideological differences.”
“The emergence of new conflicts means that we will need to be more creative in the use of our diplomatic tools. The demand for peace-keeping forces is likely to grow and we need to increasingly adapt our forces to that challenge,” Yudhoyono said in his speech.
Mutiara Pertiwi from the State Islamic University (UIN) said Yudhoyono's words were a call for Indonesia to allocate resources and energy to create sustainable security.
One “non-traditional” human security issues was corruption, she said.
“Corruption, if occurring in a developing country, could be devastating. Graft in the management of disaster funds could have direct effects on the victims. This is one of the main issues for Indonesia. This is one of the examples showing that more hard work is needed,” Mutiara said.
Indonesia’s scored 2.8 out of 10 on Transparency International’s latest Corruption Perception Index, unchanged from last year.
The survey ranked Indonesia 110 out of 178 countries in 2010, as opposed to 2009, when Indonesia was ranked 111 of 180 countries.
The prosecution of former low-level tax official Gayus H Tambunan on a host of graft charges implicated police officers, prosecutors, lawyers and one judge in a seemingly endless web of corruption.