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Jakarta Post

Sustainable green cities

  • Nirwono Joga

Jakarta   /   Sat, January 15 2011   /  12:08 pm

The face of cities in Indonesia this year will not change much. They will continue to experience a very rapid process of urbanization. The population residing in urban areas is estimated to increase from 54 percent in 2010 to 68 percent in 2025. Cities that were expected to create wealth as engines of growth have actually given birth to new pockets of poverty. Indonesia’s relatively high level of poverty has led to the nation’s relatively poor ranking on the Human Development Index, coming in at 111 of 181 countries - far below neighboring countries such as Singapore (23rd), Malaysia (66th) and Thailand (87th). Urban slums in Indonesia increased from 54,000 hectares in 2004 to 57,800 hectares in 2009. Infrastructure services are still limited in scope and quality. A large number of households had inadequate access to clean water (21.1 percent, according to the index) or did not have ...