Batik dyeing trends have shifted from using artificial ingredients to natural ones.
The natural dyeing process is more complicated than the chemical one, because it must be done repeatedly to get the desired color.
The colors produced from natural dyes are more soft and unique. Moreover, using natural dyes is more environmentally friendly, whereas chemical dyes will pollute the river where batik waste is dumped.
Natural dyes come from plant extracts such as wood, bark, roots, seeds, leaves and husks. The color which is the resulted of the materials will be varied according to the character of each color.
For example, natural dye from teakwood will produce a red-brown dye, while bark from a mango tree will create a green. Avocado leaves will produce a green-brown dye, while turmeric produces a bright yellow color.
In the 1950s, the use of batik dyes from natural extracts was not popular because using chemical dyes was more practical.
Batik dyes from natural ingredients are experiencing a revival at a time when environmental awareness is rising. Naturally dyed batik is especially popular among foreign tourists. [evi]