The Jakarta Post
In this undated handout picture released by Ujung Kulon National Park on December 30, 2011, a Javan rhino, part of a group of 35 critically endangered Javan rhinos, is seen at the park. (Ujung Kulon National Park/AFP/File)
The increase in the human population has resulted in the extinction of many animal and plant species as their habitats are slowly destroyed.
The following is a list of currently endangered species as reported by kompas.com:
Spix’s macaw (Cyanopsitta spixii)
The species has gained quite a following since the release of animated film Rio in 2010. But since 2000, the population of the grey-plumaged birds has been decreasing in the Brazilian ecosystem although the Brazilian government is hoping to reverse this trend.
Javan rhino (Rhinoceros sondaicus)
As the name suggests, this species only exists in Java and they mostly reside in Ujung Kulon National Park in Banten. Once the most widespread Asian rhinoceros, the Javan rhinoceros ranged from the islands of Java to Sumatra, and then to Bangladesh and China.
Vaquita (Phocoena sinus)
This species lives in the northern part of the Gulf of California and is considered endangered, according to the Mexican Environmental and Natural Resources (Semernat) agency. Semernat explains that this species is rare because it is used as bait for Totoaba fish, the largest fish in the Gulf of California.
New Caledonian owlet-nightjar (Aegotheles savesi)
This species has a long, slightly rounded tail, short and rounded wings, and stout legs and its population is estimated to be only around 50 birds.
Devils Hole pupfish (Cyprinondon diabollis)
The smallest fish in the world is a native to Devils Hole, Nevada. The population is limited to one location only 22 meters deep and 3.5 meters wide.
Lord Howe Island stick insect (Dryococelus Australis)
The rarest insect in the world was thought to be extinct in 2001, but then found again near the sea in Melbourne, Australia. Melbourne Zoo is the current location where this critically endangered insect is being reproduced.
Bostami turtle (Nilssonia nigricans)
This black soft-shell turtle originally inhabited the lower part of the Brahmaputra River, specifically in the pond of the Bayazid Bastami shrine at Chittagong, Bangladesh. A second species lives in a shrine near Assam.
Barbary lion (Panthera leo leo)
The lion, which was once the pet of Moroccan sultans in North Africa, was declared extinct in the 1960s, but speculation persists as to whether the lion is completely extinct or not. (rzf/kes)