Early September was a festive time in Bali, when Hindus in the province prepared for the Galungan celebration, which fell on Sept. 7.
The festival started with the slaughtering of a pig, to mark the death of animalistic greed in human beings and to cleanse the soul. The ritual is called penampahan galungan and is carried out in the morning, a day before Galungan. In the afternoon, after penampahan galungan, Hindus decorate a curved bamboo pole with a coconut leaf decoration called janur and crops such as rice, fruit and coconut, as a symbol of prosperity, offered to the Gods on Mount Agung.
Galungan on the Island of Gods is a sacred day for the Hindu Dharma congregation nationwide. The big ceremony celebrates the victory of Dharma [the good] and wards off evil, every six months.
Thousands of Hindus visit their local temples, pura, after praying at their own temple in their house.
Praying is followed by making offerings consisting of fruit, cakes and beverages.
The last stage of the ritual is umanis galungan, in which Hindus go to water sources such as waterfalls or beaches to neutralize vileness and evilness inside human beings.[evi]