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Jakarta Post
The Jakarta Post
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‘Premanisme’, a root cause for violence in Yogyakarta

  • The Jakarta Post

| Thu, April 11 2013 | 11:14 am

PREMIUM As Yogyakarta develops and becomes Indonesia’s second most-popular tourist destination after Bali, the city that is dubbed the heart of Javanese culture is also witnessing its service sector growing, as can be seen in the emergence of numerous nightspots.

Such nightspots have led to the birth of private security services, referred to as preman (thugs) or premanisme (thuggery).