Human rights are the basic rights owned by a human being from birth. These rights have been recognized by the international community. States are obliged to respect human rights and lay down rules and regulations to protect the people.
The aim of protecting human rights is to respect and recognize the dignity of human beings. The freedom to live and the freedom of speech and opinion are among the basic rights practiced and respected by many nations for centuries.
Since independence until the resignation of president Soeharto in 1998 the 1945 Constitution gave a narrow space for the protection and acknowledgement of human rights. Even the government did not respect and recognize the civil and political rights of citizens as enshrined in the Constitution.
The fall of the Soeharto government, the ensuing sweeping reforms and the increasing international politicizatio...