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Jakarta Post

Is China a neighbor to Indonesia?

  • I Made Andi Arsana

Yogyakarta   /   Mon, August 8 2011   /  08:00 am

One might wonder why this question should be asked. More importantly, does it matter? This article is about Indonesia sharing maritime areas with other countries.

Pursuant to the international Law of the Sea, a country is entitled to maritime zones with specific breadth measured from its baselines seaward. They are: territorial sea; contiguous zones; exclusive economic zones; and continental shelf. If a country is situated in relatively close proximity to other countries, there will be overlapping maritime entitlements that require maritime boundary delimitations. These countries are what this article refers to as neighbors.

Indonesia officially recognizes 10 neighbors with which it must settle maritime boundaries: India, Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore, Vietnam, the Philippines, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Australia and Timor Leste. Put simply, Indonesia considers a country as...