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Jakarta Post

Monoculture pulpwood plantations are not forest

  • Muhammad Teguh Surya

Jakarta   /   Mon, October 10 2011   /  08:00 am

The idea of Indonesian monoculture pulpwood plantations, better known as Hutan Tanaman Industri (HTI), has actually been in place since the Dutch colonial era.

In 1847, the Dutch government requested two German foresters, Mollier and Nemich, to design a forest-farming system for Java in a bid to address the rising demand of teak for the shipbuilding industry owned by Chinese and Dutch entrepreneurs, which was scattered along the northern coast of Java from Tegal to Pasuruan.

The Dutch rulers preferred the monoculture system proposed by Mollier to the multicultural system, (planting a variety of trees), proposed by Nemich because the former was economically more profitable and met the demands for timber at that time (Nurjaya, 2008; Wikipedia, 2008).

The industrial plantation initiative itself was first introduced by the government in a seminar in 1984 on timber esta...