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Jakarta Post

Asian-African Conference timeline

  • The Jakarta Post

    The Jakarta Post

  /   Thu, April 23, 2015   /  11:27 am
Asian-African Conference timeline

Aug. 25, 1953

Indonesian prime minister Ali Sastroamidjojo explains in front of the Provisional People'€™s Consultative Assembly (MPRS) that to uphold world peace, it is necessary to pioneer and organize cooperation among Asian and African nations, especially those that have recently declared their independence.

April 28-May 2, 1954

The Colombo Conference of Asian Prime Ministers in the Sri Lankan capital Colombo begins to explore the possibilities and make preparations for the Asian-African Conference.

Dec. 28-29, 1954

The second conference takes place at the Bogor Palace in Bogor, a small town south of Jakarta, opening the road to the Bandung Conference. The attendees are Burmese prime minister U Nu, Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru, prime minister of Pakistan Mohammad Ali Bogra, prime minister of Sri Lanka Sir John Kotelawala and Indonesian prime minister Ali Sastroamidjojo.

April 17, 1955

Heads and/or members of delegates from 22 countries gather for an informal preliminary meeting.

April 18-24, 1955

1st Asian-African Conference:

The Asian-African Conference is attended by 29 countries, including five sponsor countries; six from Africa and 23 from Asia.

The 10 Principles of Bandung (10 basic principles of international relations to maintain and promote world peace and cooperation):

- Respect for fundamental human rights and for the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United

- Respect for the sovereignty and territorial integrity of all nations

- Recognition of the equality of all races and of the equality of all nations, large and small

- Abstention from intervention or interference in the internal affairs of another country

- Respect for the right of each nation to defend singly or collectively, in conformity with the Charter of the
  United Nations

- (a) Abstention from the use of arrangements of collective defense to serve the particular interests of any of
  the big powers and (b) Abstention by any country from exerting pressure on other countries

- Refraining from acts or threats of aggression or the use of force against the territorial integrity or political
  independence of any country

- Settlement of all international disputes by peaceful means, such as negotiation, conciliation, arbitration or
  judicial settlement or other peaceful means of the parties'€™ own choice, in conformity with the Charter of the
  United Nations

- Promotion of mutual interests and cooperation

- Respect for justice and international obligations.

Sept. 1-6, 1961:

The start and the establishment of the first Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) Summit in Belgrade, Yugoslavia. The Bandung Conference was the embryo for this movement and was considered as the historic point of formation of the NAM. The first summit is attended by 25 countries: Afghanistan, Algeria, Yemen, Myanmar, Cambodia, Sri Lanka, Congo, Cuba, Cyprus, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Indonesia, Iraq, Lebanon, Mali, Morocco, Nepal, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia and Yugoslavia.

April 24, 1975:

Commemoration of the conference'€™s 20th anniversary at the TMII cultural park in East Jakarta.

April 22-24, 2005:

The second Asian-African Conference Summit takes place in Jakarta and Bandung. The 2005 conference results in the NAWASILA (nine principles) and the establishment of the NAASP (New Asia-African Strategic Partnership). Of the 106 nations invited to the historic summit, 89 are represented by their heads of state or government or ministers.

NAWASILA (nine principles)

- The 10 Principles of the 1955 Asian-African Conference

- Recognition of diversity between and within the regions, including different social and economic systems
  and levels of development

- Commitment to open dialogue, based on mutual respect and benefit

- Promotion of nonexclusive cooperation by involving all stakeholders.

- Attainment of practical and sustainable cooperation based on comparative advantage, equal partnership,
  common ownership and vision, as well as a firm and shared conviction to address common challenges

- Promotion of sustainable partnership by complementing and building upon existing regional/sub-regional
  initiatives in Asia and Africa

- Promotion of a just, democratic, transparent, accountable and harmonious society

- Promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms, including the right to development

- Promotion of collective and unified efforts in multilateral fora.

Aug. 30-31, 2012

The latest (16th) NAM (Non-Aligned Movement) summit is held in Tehran. The theme of the summit is Lasting Peace through Joint Global Governance. Venezuela will host the 17th NAM Summit in 2015 and two nations, namely Azerbaijan and Fiji, have been accepted as new members of the organization. As of November 2014, there are 120 member countries in NAM.

April 19-24, 2015

In commemorating the 60th anniversary of the Asian-African Conference and the 10th anniversary of the NAASP in Jakarta and Bandung, the conference has adopted the theme Strengthening South-South Cooperation to Promote World Peace and Prosperity. Delegates from 109 Asian and African countries, 16 observer countries and 25 international organizations are participating in this important event.

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