The growth of the urban population has generated many problems, including a lack of housing for those who are poor. Most poor urban residents in Jakarta live in makeshift slums or squatter settlements.
The marginalized have resorted to occupying state land such as dumpsites, riverbanks or railway tracks, as well as private unoccupied land, where they illegally construct their dwellings.
Housing for the urban poor, who currently live in informal settlements, is one program of many on the agenda for Jakarta Governor Anies Baswedan. During his campaign, Anies said he would not evict residents of informal housing settlements but would instead build rumah lapis (vertical and layered housing) for them on their land.
The idea of rumah lapis is not new in the literature on upgrading housing settlements for the urban poor. To some extent, the initiative replicates the kampu...