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Jakarta Post

Civil society warns of civil emergency’s legal, social implications

  • The Jakarta Post

Jakarta   /   Wed, April 1 2020   /  01:10 am

The Civil Society Coalition for Reform on the Security Sector is calling on the government to refrain from declaring a civil emergency or martial law as part of its efforts to stop the spread of COVID-19.

The coalition, comprising at least nine advocacy groups, said the government should optimize the tools based on Law No. 24/2007 on disaster mitigation and Law No. 6/2018 on health quarantine. Article 51 (2) of the Disaster Mitigation Law stipulates that the president must declare a disaster emergency before a national emergency.

The president, therefore, must issue a decree to declare a disaster emergency that “will provide a legal basis for a social restriction policy”, the coalition said in a statement released on Monday.

“Large-scale social restrictions should be issued according to the Health Quarantine Law to avoid [an excessive impact of security measure...