The Jakarta Post
The United Nations ( UN ) has called on countries to implement the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by world leaders last year, which officially took effect at the start of the year.
The development agenda expects countries to work on efforts to achieve 17 so-called Sustainable Development Goals ( SDGs ) over the next 15 years.
'The 17 SDGs are our shared vision of humanity and a social contract between the world's leaders and the people,' UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said in a statement on Monday.
'They are a to-do list for people and the planet, and a blueprint for success,' he went on.
Unanimously adopted by the UN's 193 Member States at a UN summit in September 2015, the SDGs address the needs of people in both developed and developing countries, emphasizing that no one should be left behind.
Said to be broad and ambitious in scope, the agenda addresses the three dimensions of sustainable development, namely social, economic and environmental, as well as important aspects related to peace, justice and effective institutions.
The mobilization of means of implementation, including financial resources, technology development and transfer, capacity-building and partnerships, was critical, the UN said in a press release.
It said the Paris Conference on climate change was seen by many as the first test of political will to implement the agenda.
'The Paris Agreement is a triumph for people, the planet and for multilateralism. For the first time, every country in the world has pledged to curb their emissions, strengthen resilience and act internationally and domestically to address climate change. By addressing climate change, we are advancing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development,' Ban said.
The UN further stated that turning the vision into reality was primarily the responsibility of countries, but it would also require new partnerships and international solidarity.
'Everyone has a stake and everyone has a contribution to make. Reviews of progress will need to be undertaken regularly in each country, involving civil society, business and representatives of various interest groups,' it further said.
At the regional level, the UN said, countries would share experiences and tackle common issues, while on an annual basis at the UN, the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development ( HLPF ), would take stock of progress at the global level, identifying gaps and emerging issues, and recommending corrective action.
'The 17 SDGs and 169 targets of the new agenda will be monitored and reviewed using a set of global indicators. These will be compiled into an Annual SDG Progress Report,' the UN said. ( ebf )