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Jakarta Post

Challenges of decentralization

  • Noory Okthariza

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PREMIUM
Jakarta   /   Mon, October 7, 2019   /  01:14 pm
Challenges of decentralization The plenary meeting of the People’s Consultative Assembly (MPR) on Thursday, Oct. 3, 2019, in Jakarta. (JP/Seto Wardhana)

This year marks 20 years since the formal introduction of decentralization. Despite implementation starting in early 2001, legally the idea of having a much more decentralized authority began two years earlier with the passing of Law No. 22/1999 on local governments and Law No. 25/1999 on fiscal balance between the central and local governments. Just like in many other countries, decentralization was initially designed to bring the government closer to the people, as Indonesia was ruled by autocracy with strong centralization for more than three decades. It was also introduced because of the vast and diverse nature of the country, with its sprawling archipelago and more than 500 regencies and municipalities — many of which are distinct in terms of language, ethnicity and customs. For those reasons, the urge of having more deconcentrated power seemed inevitable once Indonesia ...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.