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Jakarta Post

Why ocean sustainability matters to Indonesia

  • Mas Achmad Santosa and Gridanya Mega Laidha

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Jakarta   /   Tue, June 9, 2020   /  10:22 am
Why ocean sustainability matters to Indonesia A woman inspects salted fish at Muara Angke fisherman’s village in North Jakarta on Monday. Salted fish producers were delighted by the scorching sun during the rainy season. (The Jakarta Post/P.J. Leo)

The ocean has always been an integral part of human life. Covering nearly 362 million square kilometers globally and with US$24 trillion in economic value (World Wildlife Fund, 2015) stemming from biodiversity, transportation, productive coastlines and the ability to absorb carbon, the world’s oceans undoubtedly provide economic and ecological services that are crucial for sustainable development. The sea accounts for more than two thirds of Indonesia’s territory or 6.4 million square kilometers, giving it one of the largest national maritime areas in the world. The archipelago has the world's second-longest coastline, extending 108,800 km. Its seagrass beds, mangrove forests and coral reefs cover 293,464 ha, 3.36 million ha and over 25,000 sq km respectively, and according to 2017 data, its fish stocks amount to 12.54 million tons. Undoubtedly, Indonesia's seas...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.