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Mario Draghi begins talks to form new Italian government

  • by Alvise Armellini

    Agence France-Presse

Rome, Italy   /   Fri, February 5, 2021   /   09:45 am
 Mario Draghi begins talks to form new Italian government Former head of the BCE (European Central Bank) Mario Draghi looks on as he gives a press conference after a meeting with the Italian president, at the Quirinal palace in Rome, on February 3, 2021. Italy's president is expected February 3, to ask Mario Draghi, the former head of the European Central Bank, to lead the country out of the devastating coronavirus pandemic after the coalition government collapsed. He called for unity after being charged by Italy's president to form a new government, saying the country faced a (Agence France Presse/Alessandra Tarantino)

Italy's Mario Draghi began detailed talks Thursday on the formation of a new government, a day after being parachuted in to restore political order in the virus-plagued country.

The former president of the European Central Bank (ECB) was slated to meet party leaders in Rome to sound them out about their willingness to support a national unity administration.

Outgoing Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte, in his first remarks since leaving office last week, said he met Draghi on Wednesday and wished him "good luck". 

Conte said the country needed "a political government that is solid and sufficiently united" to tackle the urgent crises brought on by the coronavirus pandemic. 

Draghi has support from some of the main parties in parliament, but the biggest -- the populist Five Star Movement (M5s) that strongly backed Conte -- is not yet on board.

The economist's task is urgent -- Italy remains in the grip of the deadly coronavirus pandemic, with the death toll still rising by hundreds each day, to a total of almost 90,000 so far.

The government must also come up with a plan within weeks to boost its recession-stricken economy with the help of a massive injection of European Union funds.

'Political government'?

According to the daily La Stampa, Draghi faces a "puzzle". 

The PD and ex-premier Matteo Renzi's Italia Viva party are ready to back him, alongside Silvio Berlusconi's opposition conservative Forza Italia and some smaller left and centrist forces.

Renzi -- who triggered Conte's resignation by pulling out of the ruling coalition -- told the daily La Repubblica that the Draghi government "will be the salvation of Italy."

However, to take office, Draghi also needs the abstention or the support of one of three other parties: M5S, Matteo Salvini's far-right League and the Brothers of Italy, also far right. 

Even if it has lost most of its radical edge, the M5S started out as an anti-elitist party, so it is ideologically awkward for them to endorse a quintessentially establishment figure like Draghi. 

One of the M5S leaders, outgoing Foreign Minister Luigi Di Maio, echoed Conte's call for a "political government", rejecting the idea of a cabinet made up of technocrats.

Draghi could get around that by offering some cabinet posts to the M5S and other parties, but it remained unclear whether this would be enough to overcome the blockage.

Di Maio and other members of the outgoing administration, including Conte, were being considered for new cabinet positions, according to multiple media reports. 

Conte, a law professor plucked from obscurity when he first became premier in 2018, hinted he would stay in politics, telling his M5S supporters: "I am here, and will remain here."

The PD's Roberto Gualtieri could also survive as Economy Minister, even if Carlo Cottarelli, a former IMF official, and Fabio Panetta, a central banker like Draghi, were also being linked to economic portfolios.

Lion's share of EU funds

Italy is banking on receiving the lion's share of the EU's post-virus recovery fund -- around 200 billion euros ($240 billion) -- but must submit a credible spending plan to Brussels by April.

Should Draghi fail to muster a majority, or lose a parliamentary confidence vote after taking office, the fallback option would be snap elections, which a right-wing bloc led by Salvini would be favourite to win. 

But President Sergio Mattarella clearly said Tuesday he wants to avoid early polls, given the complexity of holding them in the middle of a pandemic. 

The president called on Draghi on Wednesday, giving him a mandate to form a government, after repeated attempts to revive the old ruling coalition under Conte failed.