The government’s recent decision to remove fly ash and bottom ash (FABA), byproducts of coal burning, from the strictly regulated hazardous and dangerous (B3) waste list has drawn the ire of environmentalists but has been welcomed by industries looking to monetize their waste.
FABA is a category of coal combustion residuals (CCR) that contains heavy metals such as mercury, lead and arsenic that are highly toxic for the environment and public health. It is a byproduct of electricity utilities and factories and has traditionally had little reuse value because of stringent regulation, which the new provision aims to change.
Most fly ash is captured before it is emitted into the air, while bottom ash is non-combustible residue that does not make it out of the chimneys of modern coal-fired plants.
FABA’s delisting is stipulated in Government Regula...
Starting from IDR 55,000/month