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Jakarta Post

The 75-year road to Indonesia’s health insurance

  • Ardila Syakriah


Jakarta   /   Fri, August 14 2020   /  01:00 am
Warga antre mengurus kepesertaan Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial (BPJS) Kesehatan di Kabupaten Bogor, Jawa Barat, Senin (30/7/2018). BPJS Kesehatan menargetkan pada 1 Januari 2019 minimal 95 persen penduduk Indonesia tercakup layanan Jaminan Kesehatan Nasional-Kartu Indonesia Sehat (JKN-KIS). (Antara/Yulius Satria Wijaya)

From the Dutch colonial era policy of primarily covering civil servants and military personnel to present-day national coverage, Indonesia’s public health insurance and welfare program has reached some 221 million of its 271 million people, nearly 75 years after independence.   Said to be the world’s largest single-payer national health insurance by targeted coverage, the national health insurance (JKN) was launched in 2014 a decade after the government adopted the program under the 2004 law on the National Social Security System (SJSN).   The program began with 112 million participants, less than half of roughly 255 million Indonesians at that time, who were registered by integrating the policyholders of separate insurance schemes. The program now provides coverage to 83 percent of the population today.   But the current figure still falls sh...