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Jakarta Post

Preventing tuberculosis: Expectation, reality, hope

  • Heni Muflihah
    Heni Muflihah

    Lecturer at the Coordination for Private Higher Education (Kopertis) Region IV Bandung

Bandung   /   Mon, April 2, 2018   /  03:34 pm
Preventing tuberculosis: Expectation, reality, hope As the world commemorated World Tuberculosis Day on March 24, sadly Indonesia is still listed as the world’s second-largest TB-burdened country with an estimated 1 million active cases in 2015.  (Shutterstock/File)

Tuberculosis (TB) remains the world’s top killer infectious disease. It is a bacterial infection caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis with the lungs being the primary site of infection. A quarter of the global population has TB, which caused some 1.7 million deaths in 2016. 

As the world commemorated World Tuberculosis Day on March 24, sadly Indonesia is still listed as the world’s second-largest TB-burdened country with an estimated 1 million active cases in 2015. 

Active TB cases are people who become sick after being infected with the above bacteria. Interestingly, more than 90 percent of infected people do not develop the sickness, known as latent-TB infection. These people have immune systems that make the bacteria go into “silent” mode. 

The bacteria can wake up later triggering a reactivation o...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.