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Jakarta Post

Managing vaccines at your grip

  • Nadine Hassan


Jakarta   /   Fri, October 23, 2020   /   09:33 am
Managing vaccines at your grip A volunteer is injected with an experimental Chinese coronavirus disease (COVID-19) vaccine as Turkey began final Phase III trials at Kocaeli University Research Hospital in Kocaeli, Turkey September, 25, 2020. (REUTERS/Murad Sezer)

Amid the digital transformation, we have come to an era where solutions are based on innovating technologies. In the healthcare industry, an efficient supply chain is critical to saving lives.

This calls for a pivotal transition toward digitizing the healthcare supply chain to increase efficiency and strengthen supply chain and inventory management to provide quality health care for all and eventually achieve targets to Universal Health Coverage (UHC) as part of the national health plan.

How has the pandemic affected vaccine care for children?

According to a UNICEF and Health Ministry report, ever since the first case of COVID-19 was reported in March, vaccine coverage for children has been declining. With emphasis toward tackling COVID-19, the report showed that 84 percent of health facilities’ immunization services have been disrupted by the COVID-19 outbreak, whereby they are interrupted partially or forced to shut down immunization services completely.

Mothers are faced with challenges juggling the current situation and the potential childhood diseases they will face if their newborn child does not complete their immunization schedules.

The lack of quality control for vaccines could lead to other outbreaks if not monitored properly. The latter could be problematic, especially post-pandemic, to heal the country’s wounds, preventive measures should be implemented for restoration, thus a cost effective and efficient operation will be required as we know that the pandemic has caused a downturn to our economy.

The role of intergovernmental organizations is significant to address these equity challenges and bridge the gaps between the community and the government as they will remain key actors in addressing peace, security, health and socio-economic challenges.

During the pandemic, limitations to receive access to medical resources are on the rise but technology becomes a solution. The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has introduced Sistem Monitoring Imunisasi Logistik secara Elektronik (SMILE), an innovative technological solution that aims to strengthen the immunization supply chain system in Indonesia — home to a birth cohort of nearly 5 million.

It ensures that safe and effective vaccines are available to all children, at all times. SMILE enables real-time visibility of vaccine cold chain logistics by digitizing stock supplies and storage temperature across vaccine cold chain points.

Since 2020, SMILE has transitioned from a pilot project into the scaling-up stage and has become a part of the Health Ministry’s five-year plan for immunization with an aim that by 2024, SMILE will be implemented across all cold chain points (10,000 facilities) in Indonesia.

The mobile and web-based application is being implemented by the Health Ministry and supported by the UNDP.

SMILE can strengthen the public health system, opening windows to achieve the healthrelated targets of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development — namely those under Sustainable Development Goal 3: Good health and well-being for all at all ages.

The digital innovation consists of a mobile app for the cold chain handlers, a web interface for data storage and a temperature logger that monitors storage temperature of vaccines to ensure that quality vaccines are delivered timely and as needed. Following its implementation in 2018, SMILE has focused on expansion to reach 600 community health centers (Puskesmas) by 2021. Despite the pandemic, the role of technology protects its implementation in being hindered. Therefore, until now, SMILE has achieved the following results:

All vaccine inventories digitized at 58 cold chain points in West Java and Banten, linking to 2,723 integrated health centers (Posyandu) and private practices and is currently in progress to be familiarized through Riau, Banten, Jakarta, West Java, Central Java and

Gorontalo, with a total of 11 regencies/cities and 560 cold chain points. Per month transactions amounting to 16,000 through SMILE, showing high levels of usage and adoption by staff at Puskesmas.

Data entry errors have also been reduced by 74 percent. Vaccine stock-outs have been reduced by 70 percent and overstocking by 47 percent.

Vaccine stock wastage has been reduced by more than 90 percent. More than 200 vaccine handlers and health care workers have been trained on SMILE. Seventy-five temperature loggers installed for remote temperature monitoring of cold chain equipment.

Digitizing the core of the health chain can encourage operational efficiencies thus can offer cost-effective opportunities for healthcare providers to deliver quality products at the right time, this brings solutions to address inequities in health coverage.

As SMILE is recognized by the Health Ministry, it is supported and committed to providing the necessary resources, from skilled training, knowledge management to implementation of the program to overcome constraints of infrastructure, monitoring and management information systems, and human resources, which often result in over-stocking of vaccines in storage centers.

Setting preventive measures in the healthcare industry is important in a post-pandemic situation. With technology, we are provided real-time data that will enable policy and decisionmakers to act upon empirical evidence and soon heal Indonesia’s wounds.

Technology enablers should come to the forefront in providing digitized supply chain tools and efficiency across the health chain from inventory management to medical supplies.

These are one of the ways health care can be disrupted to provide access for all. With real-time data provision, accuracy of information and data will be clear thus preventing inventory issues, which are critical to address Indonesia’s equity challenges due to its dispersed geographical nature.


Knowledge management and learning officer at the United Nations Development Programme

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.