Idul Fitri, referred to as Lebaran in Indonesia, is celebrated in the entire Muslim world at the end of the holy month of Ramadhan. With Idul Fitri, Muslims mark the end of their annual 30 days of dawn-to-dusk fasting.
The celebration begins with the takbiran [recitation of praise to Allah] on the eve of Idul Fitri, followed by mass prayer gatherings early in the morning at mosques, on open fields, parking lots or on main streets.
During the Idul Fitri morning prayers, Muslim women are required to dress in a mukena [head-to-toe prayer gown], while Muslim men usually wear a sarong, combined with a traditional shirt originating in Chinese culture, known as koko, and a cap called peci.
On the walk home from the mass prayers, people greet and pray for one another before going back for sungkem, a family gathering specially held to ask for forgiveness among family members, and to enjoy the Lebaran meals.
Later, it continues by visiting relatives around town and in other cities, or holding an Idul Fitri gathering, locally known as halal bi halal, with friends or relatives to ask for forgiveness and strengthen personal bonds. [ags]