Democracy is expected to be an effective instrument for fighting corruption because it supports citizens to demand accountability and transparency from governments.
Democracy also encourages accountability, independent judiciaries, political checking and balancing, freedom of the press and law enforcement. The higher the level of democracy, the more effective are democratic institutions in deterring corruption (Sandholtz and Kotzle, 2000; Blake, 2006).
But democracy does not guarantee the effective elimination of corruption. In the current Indonesian democracy, many democratic leaders represented by the elites of political parties are indeed unfavorable to effective anticorruption.
Anticorruption is also often used as a political strategy leading up to elections, as it is a political issue. That is why the handling of high-level corruption cases tends to be politi...