The Jakarta Post
Indonesian coffee production and exports may fall 10 and 5 percent, respectively, as a result of the El Niño weather phenomenon this year, according to a coffee exporters association. However, local consumption could increase 8 percent.
Association of Indonesian Coffee Exporters and Industries (AEKI) chairman Irfan Anwar reported that last year’s coffee production reached 650,000 tons, with exports of 480,000 tons and imports of 130,000 tons from countries including Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia.
“Domestic coffee production could fall by 10 percent this year as the level of the rainfall and hot weather are not balanced. Besides coffee, other agricultural products could face the same problem because of the uncertain weather,” Irfan said in Jakarta on Monday.
El Niño is a natural phenomenon caused by an increase in temperature in the southern Pacific Ocean over two to seven years. It changes global weather patterns, causing massive drought in Southeast Asia, Australia and parts of Africa.
However, Irfan said he was optimistic of seeing an increase in domestic coffee consumption this year given the greater awareness, especially among young people, of good quality coffee, with local coffee lover communities burgeoning.
“In 2015, domestic coffee consumption reached 350,000 tons, including coffee imported from Brazil and Vietnam. […] We predict an increase of 8 percent in domestic consumption, even though it may lead to a decrease in exports by 5 percent this year,” he said.
Indonesia currently has around 1.1 million hectares of coffee plantations, with production volume rising from 400,000 tons a year in the 1990s to around 650,000 tons in 2002, according to the Union of Indonesian Coffee Exporters' Associations (GAEKI) and the Agriculture Ministry.
The most populated country in Southeast Asia is the world's fourth-largest coffee producer after Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia, according to data from the US Department of Agriculture. (vps)
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