The Jakarta Post
With his flagship Indonesian Smart Card (KIP) program, President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has managed to further expand children’s access to basic education, imitating the success of his predecessors since Soeharto.
The country, however, has achieved little in its attempts to improve its education standards, with most Indonesian children still doing badly in math, science and reading, according to the 2015 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) survey conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).
In 2016, the government, skeptical of the global assessments on the country’s education quality, decided to sponsor a national survey called the Indonesia National Assessment Program (INAP) to counter the 2015 results of PISA .
The result was another reality check for Indonesian education.
PISA found 75.7 percent o...