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Jakarta Post

Stunting stunts Indonesia’s demographic dividend

  • Fisca Aulia

Jakarta   /   Tue, November 27 2018   /  01:25 am

The prevalence of childhood stunting in Indonesia has remained high over the past decade. According to the Health Ministry, the prevalence of stunted children rose from 35.6 percent in 2010 to 37.2 percent
in 2013. Anything above 20 percent indicates a high severity of malnutrition, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).

There are also large disparities among Indonesia’s provinces: 15 have a stunting prevalence of more than 40 percent, while the rest are between 25 and 40 percent. Children are defined as stunted if their height for their age is below the WHO Child Growth Standard. They suffer from poor nutrition, infections and inadequate psychosocial stimulation, which hampers their mental development.

According to Basic Health Research (Riskesdas), children suffering from stunting are born of both the poorest families and the wealthy. However, the preval...