Media redundancies, partial layoffs and managerial wage cuts are on the rise as advertising markets implode, despite customers showing an ever stronger appetite for information on the coronavirus crisis.
First press victims
In France, several newspapers, including Le Parisien, have placed staffers on partial unemployment, notably in services where the virus has forced coverage to be stripped right back.
Sports daily L'Equipe, which publishes a paper seven days a week as well as a website, has been particularly hard hit, furloughing staff as most of the world's sporting competitions lie idle.
Regional daily Paris-Normandie, already struggling to stay afloat, has been placed in judicial liquidation.
In Britain, The Economist magazine has said it is laying off 90 people in support roles while The Guardian is furloughing 100 non-editorial staff in response to tumbling ad revenues.
Staff with Italy's state news agency ANSA meanwhile held a 48-hour strike to protest at an emergency plan to make a string of cuts.
US media have likewise not been immune to the market consequences of the crisis.
Conde Nast, publisher of the likes of Vogue, Wired, or New Yorker, has announced it is laying off 100 of its 6,000 staff and furloughing another 100.
Fortune magazine has laid off 35 staff -- around one in ten -- while cutting managerial salaries by 30 percent.
According to a New York Times analysis, the pandemic has seen 36,000 media workers either laid off, furloughed or forced to take a wage cut in a sector which had already endured years of belt tightening.
The Los Angeles Times -- which according to internal correspondence published by the New York Times, has lost more than one third of its advertising revenues and expects that soon to rise beyond half -- is slimming its support payroll by around 40.
Web in crisis
Online info portals are equally struggling with some 300 jobs lost in the US since the pandemic started, according to a Poynter media study.
The Vice Media group is to fire 55 US-based and 100 foreign-based staff, according to a note sent by the group's CEO Nancy Dubac to employees, which was published by US media.
Beyond the problems caused by the health crisis, she also accused media tech platforms for "not just taking a larger slice of the pie, but almost the whole pie," threatening online news streams and thousands of journalists' jobs.
Info and entertainment site Buzzfeed announced in late March it was cutting salaries by between five and 25 percent and would also end coverage of news in the UK and Australia.
For some media, the coronavirus crisis is a chance to speed up the transition to a more stable, subscription-based publishing model.
That is the case of financial news provider Quartz, whose Japanese owner Uzabase says it plans to cut some 40 percent of staff, mainly advertising posts.
No escape for broadcast
Broadcasting has not escaped the crisis cull. In the United States, NBCUniversal has lopped 20 percent off top salaries, says the Wall Street Journal.
In France, TF1 television put one third of its staff on partial unemployment in April while BFMTV/RMC have just unveiled plans to slash use of freelancers and consultants amid fears there could also be non-voluntary redundancies among staff.
Some nine in 10 independent radio stations in France had also furloughed staff by the end of last month, according to a study by their SIRTI union with around one third set not to bring them back before September.