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Jakarta Post

75 years of women’s economic participation, pushing beyond stagnation

  • Yunindita Prasidya

    The Jakarta Post

Jakarta   /   Wed, September 16, 2020   /  11:05 am
The Jakarta Post Image
Factory fashions: Workers operate sewing machines at a garment factory in Bogor, West Java, in September 2018. The government wants Indonesia to be a top-five world textile producer by 2030, but several businesses in the industry have had to close amid tight competition.(Antara/Yulius Satria Wijaya)

“Documenting 75 years of resilience” is a series of special reports by The Jakarta Post to celebrate Indonesia’s Independence Day, August 17, 1945. Indonesia has come a long way in regard to women’s economic participation, from the days when women were not allowed to occupy a space in the public sphere to now. However, the country still has a long way to go.  While women make up almost half of the Indonesian population, their participation rate in the economy is far below that of men. The female labor force participation (FLFP) rate in the country for those aged 15 and above grew from 44.48 percent in 1990 to 53.08 percent in 2019, according to data from the International Labour Organization (ILO). The FLFP rate is still 29.35 percentage points below that of their male counterparts, which stood at 82.43 percent in 2019.  Closing that gap...