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Jakarta Post

The paradoxes of social forestry in Indonesia

  • Jamal M. Gawi
    Jamal M. Gawi

    International consultant on natural resource governance, climate change and biodiversity conservation

Jakarta   /   Fri, October 20, 2017   /  11:31 am
The paradoxes of social forestry in Indonesia Education: Birama Terang Radityo (left), a forestry field officer from the BB-TNBTS, poses with a tourist at the Edelweiss Education Park set up in Cemorolawang hamlet, Ngadisari village, Sukapura, Probolinggo, East Java. (JP/Nedi Putra AW)

As part of its land tenure reform policy, the Indonesian government under President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo has set an ambitious target of 12.7 billion hectares of state forest land to be made available for legal access by rural communities under a number of social forestry schemes. At the central policy level, social forestry has evolved to embody three core development objectives: Democratization of resource access, poverty alleviation and sustainability of forest resources. These objectives closely parallel the current sustainable development goals Indonesia is struggling to achieve. This positive policy is predisposed toward poverty alleviation for those living in rural areas. However, looking at the presentday pace, social forestry development in Indonesia has been constrained by a myriad of factors and has created paradoxes within it. First, Indonesia, which has t...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.