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Jakarta Post

Healing a nation’s trauma without mental hospitals

  • Theresia Citraningtyas

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PREMIUM
Phnom Penh   /   Sat, December 21, 2019   /  04:34 pm
Healing a nation’s trauma without mental hospitals Cambodians experienced a massive traumatic event, defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for of Mental Disorders as “a direct or indirect exposure to death, threatened death, actual or threatened serious injury, or actual or threatened sexual violence”. (Shutterstock/Marekuliasz)

Cambodia, a country with a population of 14.7 million people, only has 64 psychiatrists and no mental hospitals. At Khmer-Soviet Friendship Hospital, patients line up for antidepressants that are no longer used in Indonesia and a small dose of first-generation antipsychotics. Fifteen psychiatrists, including Prof. Yim Sobotra, head of mental health and substance abuse, treat 800 to 1,000 psychiatric outpatients every day and six emergency inpatients for up to two weeks. At Siem Reap Provincial Referral Hospital, Prof. Uy Chan Thol, the hospital’s deputy director and a psychiatrist with one year of cardiology training, admits psychiatric emergencies in the intensive care unit. In 1975 to 1979, when the Khmer Rouge still ruled the country, Cambodia’s only two psychiatrists at that time perished along with their mental hospitals and hundreds of patients. A real-life Tha...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.