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Jakarta Post

A turning point in Indonesia’s tax treaty history

  • Melani Dewi Astuti and Pungki Yunita Chandrasari

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Jakarta   /   Fri, January 17, 2020   /  10:36 am
A turning point in Indonesia’s tax treaty history Done deal: Finance Minister Sri Mulyani Indrawati (left) and Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) secretary-general Angel Gurria sign a multilateral instrument on tax treaties at the OECD headquarters in Paris. Through the MLI, Indonesia aims to combat tax base erosion due to the improper use of tax treaties. (Courtesy of Sri Mulyani Indrawati/-)

According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), US$100 billion to $240 billion is lost to tax avoidance every year through the abuse of legal loopholes, or 4 to 10 percent of the world tax revenue. On a global scale, multinational corporations (MNCs) use tax planning strategies that exploit legal gaps and mismatches in tax rules to artificially shift profits to low or no tax locations where there is little or no economic activity, so they pay little to no corporate tax. Taxpayers can take aggressive tax planning measures by accessing certain tax treaties that provide lower rates or tax exemptions, one way of which is to create an “intermediate company” in the relevant country. A tax treaty is basically agreed to avoid double taxation by allocating taxing rights, as well as to increase economic cooperation. However, taxpayers often use t...

Disclaimer: The opinions expressed in this article are those of the author and do not reflect the official stance of The Jakarta Post.