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Jakarta Post

Achieving inclusion in schools

  • Estu Dyah Arifianti and Adi Suseno

Jakarta   /   Sat, January 19 2019   /  02:34 am

It has been 15 years since inclusive education came to the fore in 2003. Related policies include the 2003 Education Law, the national education standard of 2005, the 2009 education and culture ministerial regulation on inclusive education, the 2016 Disabilities Law and the 2017 presidential regulation on sustainable development goals (SDGs). The government also launched a baseline report of the SDGs focusing on inclusive education, claiming to be the first country to initiate it. Provincial and regency or municipal governments also have established regulations to implement inclusive education. Despite such policies and measures, a myriad of challenges remain.

The first challenge is the discrepancy between the policies and what is actually practiced in schools, one being the obligation of inclusive education. The above 2009 regulation instructs the local government in each city an...