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Jakarta Post

Indonesia's transmigration program moves more people outside Java, but they remain poor

  • News Desk

    The Jakarta Post

Jakarta and East Manggarai   /   Wed, December 25, 2019   /  02:12 pm
The Jakarta Post Image
Tobias Akut, 65, repairs his makeshift house in Ranakolong village in East Manggarai regency, East Nusa Tenggara, on Nov. 8. More people have been moved to the province, but infrastructure and welfare in the area remain poor. (JP/Markus Makur)

The government has reintroduced a decades-old transmigration program with several new objectives that are expected to redistribute welfare from growth centers in Java to outside Java. “It will not only focus on population distribution but also on economic distribution and rural development,” Villages, Disadvantaged Regions and Transmigration Ministry secretary-general Anwar Sanusi told The Jakarta Post on Friday. The new concept of transmigration is stipulated in the 2020-2024 Medium-Term National Development Plan (RPJMN), which will develop 52 transmigration sites into new cities. The target is higher than the target of 20 new cities set in the previous 2015-2019 RPJMN. The new concept shows the government’s ambitious plan to use transmigration as an instrument for economic redistribution from the densely populated islands of Java and Bali to the less populate...