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Jakarta Post

Middle-class women work as much as their lower-class peers: World Bank

  • News Desk

    The Jakarta Post

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Jakarta   /   Mon, February 3, 2020   /  04:40 pm
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Female workers produce cigarettes at a factory in Malang, East Java. The participation of the middle-class women in the work place is only slightly higher than their peers in the lower class, according to a World Bank report released on Jan. 30.(JP/Aman Rochman)

The participation rate of women in the workforce has continued to increase in recent years, but the differences in participation rates between middle-class women and their lower-class and upper-class peers are relatively small. In 2016, labor participation rate of middle-class women, who spent between Rp 1.2 million (US$85.70) and Rp 3.2 million per person per month, reached nearly 60 percent, only slightly higher than women in the lower classes at around 50 percent, according the World Bank’s report on “Indonesia's Aspiring Indonesia: Expanding the Middle Class” released on  Jan. 30. "Indonesian middle-class women do not work much more than non-middle-class women," the report stated. President Joko "Jokowi" Widodo is seeking to upgrade Indonesia's income status and escape the middle-income trap, a situation in which a country&r...