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Jakarta Post

75 years on, Indonesia’s electoral system still needs improvement

  • Marchio Irfan Gorbiano

    The Jakarta Post

PREMIUM
Jakarta   /   Thu, August 20, 2020   /  11:26 am
The Jakarta Post Image
An election official helps a voter with a disability take part in a simulation of the 2020 simultaneous regional elections in the front yard of the General Elections Commission (KPU) headquarters on July 22. The KPU implemented COVID-19 protocols while holding the voting simulation. (JP/Dhoni Setiawan)

"Documenting 75 years of resilience" is a series of special reports by The Jakarta Post to celebrate Indonesia’s Independence Day on Aug. 17, 1945. Indonesia has hosted democratic elections and peacefully transferred powers after the fall of the authoritarian New Order regime, but experts say improvements are needed for the country to establish itself as a substantive, rather than procedural, democracy. The country has directly elected House of Representatives members since 1999,  president and vice president since 2004, and mayors, regents and governors since 2005 -- all in an electoral process hailed as free and fair. The Freedom House’s annual Freedom in the World index shows Indonesia's score in political rights has been stable in the past 15 years since Indonesia organized the first direct regional elections in 2005, with Indonesia scoring 30 ...