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Jakarta Post

[ANALYSIS] Why is Indonesia so slow in transitioning to renewable energy?

  • Adjie Harisandi

    The Jakarta Post

Jakarta   /   Tue, March 23, 2021   /  08:09 pm
The Jakarta Post Image
The 5 MW Sambelia power plant on Lombok Island in West Nusa Tenggara in one of seven such plants on the island that are expected to cover 8.5 percent of the island's daytime electricity needs, thereby cutting residents' reliance on more costly diesel-fired plants.(PLN/PLN)

Renewable sources are still not the main choice for energy in Indonesia. Coal still dominates in the energy mix for electricity, accounting for 66.3 percent of the total power generated in 2019. Meanwhile, renewable energy only contributed 15.6 percent in 2019, decreasing slightly from 16 percent in 2018. However, electricity generated from renewable energy sources increased significantly in the 2015-2019 period. According to the Energy Balance report published by the Energy and Mineral Resources Ministry, the consumption of renewable energy in the electricity sector in 2019 reached 97.1 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE), an increase of 64.9 million BOE compared to 2015. However, this increase was still lower than the increase of energy originating from coal, which reached 119.6 million BOE in the same period. Why is Indonesia relatively sluggish in shifting to renewable ener...