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Jakarta Post

COMMENTARY: Who will benefit from Jokowi's land reform?

  • Adisti Sukma Sawitri

    The Jakarta Post

Jakarta   /   Tue, February 21, 2017   /  08:53 am
COMMENTARY: Who will benefit from Jokowi's land reform? On the edge: A family of the Orang Rimba tribe lives in a flimsy hut deep in the jungle of Jambi. The Indigenous People’s Alliance of the Archipelago (AMAN) said indigenous people in Indonesia had often suffered discrimination and human rights violations by the government, especially on land disputes. . (thejakartapost.com/Iman D.Nugroho)

The government has made a bold move with its plan to grant people wider access to land under its agrarian reform. More than 9 million hectares, comprising roughly 4.5 million hectares of degraded forest and 4.5 million ha of uncertified plots, will be owned by citizens under land objects for agrarian reform (TORA), while another 12.7 million ha will be managed by indigenous people. The government has introduced the land reform as part of its equity policy, which aims to ensure equal access to land, infrastructure and basic services and reduce widening inequality. While the plan may gain nods from development economists and proponents of a welfare state, a closer look at the program is necessary to avoid failures of past agrarian policies. Indonesia has seen a long record of land conflicts and citizens deprived of the rights to their land in favor of the rise of the plantation...