Bottles of Aunt Jemima pancake syrup are displayed on a shelf at Scotty's Market on June 17, 2020 in San Rafael, California. (AFP/Justin Sullivan)
Amid nationwide protests against racism, major US food companies on Wednesday said they would change the Aunt Jemima and Uncle Ben's brands, both of which feature African American mascots.
The United States has a long history of racist caricatures of African Americans and other minorities across popular culture, though in recent decades those images have become increasingly taboo.
Businesses across the world's largest economy are facing a reckoning over branding following last month's killing of a black man, George Floyd, at the hands of police in Minneapolis, which sparked many protests against racism.
PepsiCo said it would end entirely the Aunt Jemima line of pancake syrup and batter adorned with the face of a black woman, while Mars plans to "evolve" the Uncle Ben's brand of rice dishes that uses a black man as its logo.
"We recognize Aunt Jemima's origins are based on a racial stereotype," Kristin Kroepfl, vice president and chief marketing officer of Quaker Foods North America, the PepsiCo subsidiary that produces Aunt Jemima, said in a statement.
"While work has been done over the years to update the brand in a manner intended to be appropriate and respectful, we realize those changes are not enough."
The Aunt Jemima brand has existed for more than 130 years, and "has evolved over time with the goal of representing loving moms from diverse backgrounds who want the best for their families," according to PepsiCo.
The brand's image will be removed starting in the fourth quarter, while the company said a new name will be announced.
'Evolve the brand'
Mars was less clear about what it would do with Uncle Ben's, saying in a statement, "We don't yet know what the exact changes or timing will be, but we are evaluating all possibilities."
The decision came after listening "to the voices of consumers, especially in the black community, and to the voices of our associates worldwide," with the goal being "to evolve the Uncle Ben's brand, including its visual brand identity," Mars said.
PepsiCo said it plans to donate at least $5 million over the next five years "to create meaningful, ongoing support and engagement in the black community."
On Tuesday, the company announced $400 million in investments "to lift up black communities" and increase black representation within the company.
From butter to sports
US companies have in recent weeks scrambled to acknowledge the protests as public opinion polls back reforms to address the country's persistent racial inequalities, though complaints over racism in branding have raged for years.
In February, agribusiness Land O'Lakes released new packaging for its dairy products removing a female Native American mascot that had attracted criticism, though the company didn't mention race in announcing the change.
The controversy over racial caricatures in the US has extended into the world of sports, with Major League Baseball's Cleveland Indians in 2018 dropping their cartoonish "Chief Wahoo" mascot from their uniforms and almost all of their merchandise.
The Washington Redskins in the National Football League has for years resisted calls to change their name, with owner Daniel Snyder saying the moniker actually honors Native Americans while some campaigners have claimed it is racist and picketed their games.
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