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Jakarta Post

Global warming and the threat to sovereignty

  • I Made Andi Arsana

Yogyakarta   /   Mon, March 31 2008   /  12:12 am

Global Warming (GW) is one of today's most popular issues and the United Nations Framework Conference on Climate Change held in Bali last year was an example of how seriously the matter is being taken. GW has many impacts, including on sovereignty, especially when it causes sea-levels to encroach on small islands, maritime jurisdictions and international maritime boundaries. Indonesia is an archipelagic state with more than 17,000 islands. According to Presidential Regulation no. 78/2005, of those islands 92 are considered small. These small islands include several outlying islands that offer Indonesia strategic value. These outlying islands are used as reference points for defining various maritime jurisdictions, including territorial seas, contiguous zones, exclusive economic zones and continental shelves. The islands also serve to demarcate maritime boundarie...