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Jakarta Post

Disasters and human rights protection

  • Mimin Dwi Hartono

Jakarta   /   Wed, October 24 2012   /  10:02 am

The government of Indonesia is hosting the fifth Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (AMCDRR) in Yogyakarta, which comes on the heels of the International Day for Disaster Risk Reduction on Oct. 13. Both events show global concern about disasters.

Disasters almost always cause casualties, destroy livelihoods and damage infrastructure development that has been achieved only with great effort over many years. The eruption of Mt. Merapi in 2010, for example, killed 339 people and caused Rp 3.5 trillion (US$364 million) in economic losses. From a human rights perspective, disasters have reduced the fulfillment of the rights to economic and social development such as education, healthcare and housing, not to mention increasing people’s vulnerability to human rights violations.

Indonesia, along with the Philippines, Bangladesh, Timor Leste, Cambodia, Guatema...