Unsurprisingly, many fingers have pointed to separatist rebels following the shootings that killed eight Indonesian soldiers and four civilians in remote areas of Papua last week.
To my understanding, such an allegation appears inescapable. This so-called “self-determination” movement has long been instigating hostile activity in the area with one unswerving aim: to secede from Indonesia.
Separatism has been an issue since the birth of the nation-state system and persists in both developed and developing countries, in democracies and non-democratic states. One thing that should be highlighted at this point is the changing nature of secessionism, particularly on how to achieve independence.
Human rights norms have proliferated through various instruments, creating a kind of “humanization approach” in international relations. Arguably, since the establishment...