Vietnam's domestic pork supplies could fall by 20 to 35 percent this year as a consequence of African swine fever (ASF), Vietnam News Agency cited the country's Institute of Policy and Strategy for Agriculture and Rural Development as reporting on Friday.
Two scenarios have been presented to assess the impacts of the fever on domestic pork supplies and discuss solutions to ensure sustainable breeding. Accordingly, the domestic pork supply will decrease from 3.9 million tons per year to 3.15 million tons in the first scenario and 2.55 million tons in the second scenario.
The average price for live pigs without ASF stands at 46,000 Vietnamese dong (US$2) per kg. The epidemic can raise that by 22 percent and 45.5 percent respectively.
The country will have to import 7,100 tons of pork in the first scenario and 8,900 tons in the second scenario to compensate for the domestic shortage, according to the institute. Priority should be given to assisting localities and enterprises in building disease-free chains and zones, supporting small-scale animal husbandry households to switch their agricultural production to other industries, and developing safe and hygienic poultry and cattle breeding to ensure domestic meat supply, the news agency cited the institute in the report.
ASF started in Vietnam last February and spread to all 63 provinces and cities, leading to the culling of more than 5.9 million pigs, accounting for about 9 percent of the country's total herds, according to the Vietnamese Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development.