Though there is no solid consensus, the word “nationalism” is usually attributed to Abbe Baurrel in the 15th century. In a narrow definition, nationalism can be defined as an ideology that drives people to believe their nation is superior to all others. This kind of understanding, in an extreme case, could be witnessed in the era of Adolf Hitler in Germany or Benito Mussolini in Italy. While in a wider perspective, nationalism can be pride in one’s nation-state and a willingness to defend it if necessary. In short, nationalism is an ideology arising from having the same national identity, which encourages citizens to take care of the nation and its people.
The latter understanding is in line and closely related to Islamic principles. Islam and nationalism cannot be separated. Many Muslim scholars in Indonesia, including Ridwan Lubis and Muhammad Hisyam in...
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