Much attention has been afforded to President Joko “Jokowi” Widodo’s recent launch of Making Indonesia 4.0, an industrial strategy that chiefly emphasizes harnessing technology to boost growth in tune with the digital era.
Policymakers, analysts and media outlets have lauded the strategy as a method in which to catapult the economy out of the middle income trap (MIT), with the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) saying Indonesia will join the high income club by 2045 with gross domestic product per capita of US$29,000.
Indeed, the MIT has been highlighted because of slowing growth, which in 2017 stood at 5.07 percent, lower than the government’s target of 5.2 percent. President Jokowi has asserted that the successful implementation of Making Indonesia 4.0 can push growth to 7 percent.
The MIT refe...
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