The Jakarta Post
Reclamation projects that had been started in Manado in the 1990s had not only had made hundreds of fishermen lose their jobs, but also destroyed mangroves along the city’s coastlines stretching 18 kilometers from north to south.
The projects had turned the mangroves into shopping malls and posh hotels — the icons of modernity.
“The size of the reclamation area is about 700 hectares and it pushes the fishermen out of their livelihoods,” said Rignolda Djalamaluddin, an agriculture and fisheries lecturer with Sam Ratulangi University.
In the first stage of the reclamation project, the coastlines of the three districts of Wenang, Sario and Malalayang disappeared and so did the mangroves. The projects forced many fishermen to switch professions.
The second stage of the project, which is now ongoing, affected three more districts, Singkil, Tuminting and Bun...