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Jakarta Post

Watching children's health when diarrhea, dehydration occur

Jakarta   /   Wed, July 22 2009   /  05:00 pm

Have you ever wondered what a large pinch of salt, a fistful of sugar and a jug of clean water can do for you? Some of you might guess it right - especially intrepid travelers -but many would not have the slightest idea that this is the simplest recipe for an oral dehydration solution - a recipe that could save the life of a child with diarrhea. In a 2006 survey conducted by the Rotavirus Vaccine Program (a charity based in Seattle, Washington) 40 percent of the 29 child-health specialists at major international development agencies named AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria as the three greatest childhood killers. But in fact, the top three are pneumonia, diarrhea and malaria. Worldwide there are 1.9 million deaths among children under the age of five every year due to diarrheal diseases. According to WHO, about two-thirds of these (1.3 million) occur in 15 countries in Asia an...