The Jakarta Post
President Joko 'Jokowi' Widodo reminded public officials on Tuesday that building a comprehensive system to prevent corruption was as important as upholding the rule of law to fight corruption.
Jokowi made the remarks when officially issuing presidential instruction (Inpres) No. 7/2015 on corruption prevention and eradication at the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) on Tuesday.
'In realizing clean governance, [corruption] prevention is as important as law enforcement,' Jokowi said on Tuesday. 'Building a good and effective system, I believe, will help reduce corruption.'
The President further expressed his belief that an integrated online system for central and local government budgeting, procurement, purchasing, auditing and taxation could strengthen monitoring and improve government accountability.
Giving an example of a 30 percent budget efficiency in online procurement conducted through the National Procurement Agency (LKPP), Jokowi said Indonesia could save Rp 795 trillion (US$60.42 billion) of the total budget for procurement if all central government institutions, local administrations and state-owned enterprises implemented the system thoroughly.
According to Jokowi, this year, central and local governments as well as state-owned enterprises have allocated Rp 2.65 quadrillion to procurement.
'If [we] calculate 30 percent from the Rp 2.65 quadrillion, [we will save] Rp 795 trillion. That's a huge amount,' he added.
The presidential instruction, which was signed by Jokowi early this month, addresses the performance of members of his Cabinet, government institutions, the attorney general, the National Police chief, governors, regents and mayors.
Under the instruction, all ministries and government institutions are required to coordinate with Bappenas in the fight against graft, while local administrations must coordinate with the Home Ministry, with the support of Bappenas, in their anticorruption efforts.
After the President's move, Bappenas now has full authority to monitor and evaluate the implementation of the Inpres, which is slightly different than the arrangement laid out in the 2014 Inpres issued by Jokowi's predecessor, president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
In 2014, Bappenas, with the support of the now-defunct Presidential Working Unit for the Supervision and Management of Development (UKP4), was tasked with the role of monitoring and evaluating implementation.
'Bappenas has a methodology [in monitoring implementation] and should it need assistance from the BPKP [Development Finance Comptroller], Bappenas will coordinate it,' said Teten Masduki, a member of the presidential communication team and a former antigraft campaigner.
Bappenas, with support from the BPKP, also has the authority to analyze and identify problems should they hinder implementation.
With the new instruction, the President also hopes to step up corruption eradication efforts, saying that the law enforcement agencies should improve coordination and synergy.
The new guidelines cover 96 actions to be implemented by all ministries, government institutions and local administrations this year.
'I want all the measures laid out in the instruction to be implemented well. Don't let it be merely a formality,' Jokowi added.
Bappenas head Andrinof Chaniago said the instruction would ensure that government played a role in building good, effective and democratic governance.
'The monitoring will be done on a quarterly basis,' he said.
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