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Jakarta Post

A century of Muhammadiyah and modern Indonesia

  • M. Hilaly Basya

Leiden   /   Thu, November 26 2009   /  09:51 am

Based on the Hijriyah (Islamic) calendar, on 8 Dzulhijjah 1430 (Nov. 26, 2009), Muhammadiyah will mark the one hundredth anniversary of its existence. Muhammadiyah was established by Kyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan in 1330 Hijriyah, or Nov. 18, 1912. As is well known, from the beginning of its movement Muhammadiyah paid great attention to the modernization of the nation. Modern Indonesia, more and less, has been influenced by Muhammadiyah figures. Of course as a big organization in which many people are involved, Muhammadiyah has experienced dynamic development. In general, the Muhammadiyah movement is based on modern principles. It is characterized by many modern institutions such as hospitals, schools, universities and banks developed and maintained by Muhammadiyah. On the other hand, as explained by prominent Muslim scholar Azyumardi Azra ( 1999 ), Muhammadiyah is less responsive on contempora...