Vice chair, Board of Trustees, CSIS Foundation
The United States’ new concept to manage the region from the Western Pacific Coast of the US to the Indian Ocean, India and the borders of Pakistan and Afghanistan was put up in the 2017-2018 National Security System named Indo-Pacific and launched almost simultaneously with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), a cooperation of democratic countries in the Indo-Pacific region — the US, Japan, India and Australia —at the Senior Officials Meeting of the four countries in Manila during the East Asia Summit (EAS).
With this background, many thought Quad was central. It was first proposed by Japan Prime Minister Shinzo Abe in 2007-2008, but never got off the ground because Australia and India had cold feet in encircling China. It was considered too hasty to embark on military cooperation with joint military exercises.
Now, with a muc...
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