This year marks the 70th year of the adoption of the four 1949 Geneva Conventions, which today form the principal international humanitarian law (IHL) treaties. IHL sets forth rules to limit the humanitarian impacts of wars and armed conflicts without judging how it started, who are the parties, who is right, and who is wrong.
In many traditions, religions, and customs around the world, such principles have always existed. It was this humanitarian spirit that led to the adoption of the very first Geneva Convention in 1864.
The four Geneva Conventions were agreed 70 years ago, in the aftermath of World War II when the memories of the enormous horrors remained fresh in the minds of many. The battlefields and the Holocaust brought untold suffering and destruction. The humanitarian impacts of the World War II in Southeast Asia, including Indonesia, were just as cruel a...
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